If you are tired of sitting in four walls, you want changes and unity with nature, then pack your backpack as soon as possible and hit the road … Go trekking!

Trekking — this sport charges athletes and amateurs with optimism, opens up new horizons for them in outdoor activities, introduces them to nature, the splendor of sunsets and sunrises, as well as the romance of bonfires, gives incomparable unforgettable impressions and new friends.

History of occurrence

The exact origin of trekking is still a hot topic of controversy among its fans today. But they say that the history of trekking as a sport began in the Republic of Nepal with the capital Kathmandu. This type of hiking was discovered by a British citizen of Russian origin, Boris Lisanevich. In 1949, trekking as a form of sports hiking was included in the All-Union Sports Association. And in 1970, the first competitions for the best trekking trip were held.

What is tracking?

Trekking — translated from English means hiking or walking sports tourism. The main goal of this sport is the group overcoming a certain route in any area.

Classification of route categories in tracking

The route in trekking is divided into certain categories depending on the degree of difficulty. The complexity of the route is influenced, first of all, by the presence of local obstacles, geographical indicators of the area, and so on. Depending on these conditions, hiking trips are divided into the following types:

1. Weekend hikes

Often held for tourists and amateurs. Assume the passage of simple trails.

2. Hikes from the 1st to the 3rd degree of difficulty (among the children’s and youth group)

  • First degree of difficulty (The length of the route is at least 30 km and lasts at least 3-4 days)
  • The second degree of difficulty (The length of the route increases to 50 km with a duration of 4-6 days)
  • The third degree of difficulty (The length of the entire route increases to 75 km with a duration of 6-8 days)

3. Hikes from the 1st to the 6th category of difficulty

  • 1st category of complexity (The length of the route is 100 km. Number of days — 6)
  • 2nd category of difficulty (The length of the route is 120 km. Number of days — 8)
  • 3rd category of difficulty (The length of the route is 140 km. Number of days — 10)
  • 4th category of complexity (The length of the route is 170 km. Number of days — 13)
  • 5th category of complexity (The length of the route is 210 km. Number of days — 16)
  • 6th category of complexity (The length of the route is 250 km. Number of days — 20)



For trekking you will need a backpack, sleeping bag, tent and comfortable shoes. The choice of shoes should be taken seriously. It is best to seek help from a specialized sports store. There you will find heavy trekking boots with special toe protection that protects your toes from hitting rocks and bumps. But, if the trekking route is not difficult and takes less than 2 weeks, then it is quite possible to get by with the usual good sneakers.

What to take with you

Take the following items with you while hiking:

  1. a backpack, on the bottom of which it is worth laying a plastic bag to prevent moisture from entering;
  2. a small bar of soap (it is better to put it in a plastic bag);
  3. several disposable shampoo sachets;
  4. everyday things (mug, first aid kit, change of clothes, personal hygiene items);
  5. products that are designed for a long shelf life;
  6. warm clothes and a raincoat (in case of weather changes);
  7. sports socks (2 pairs);
  8. 2 T-shirts;
  9. light jacket-windbreaker;
  10. fleece hat and gloves;
  11. towel;
  12. light trousers or shorts
  13. essentials for the season

Additionally, you can take sunglasses and a flashlight.


During trekking you need to:

  • listen carefully to the initial briefing of the group leader;
  • get acquainted with the rules of conduct on the route;
  • familiarize yourself with the safety rules;
  • Familiarize yourself with the rules of first aid.

Interesting Facts

The longest trekking trail is the Appalachian Trail, which is located in the USA and is 3500 km long.

There is a record of a hiking trip, which Alexander and Sonia Poussins overcame. It is equal to 14,000 km in three years and three months.

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