Cricket is the game of high society in England. It has existed since ancient times and preserves its traditions without changing them even after many years.
Cricket has become a symbol of England, just like the fog or the monarchy. The game, which gentlemen from high society prefer to play, has always been popular also among the common people. But official cricket clubs have always consisted of only the most distinguished persons. That is why membership in a cricket club served as a hallmark of an aristocrat. To this day, the queue for membership in the best cricket clubs in the world can last more than one year.
The history of the game
The game of English gentlemen and noblemen originated in the 13th century. Initially, cricket was considered only a child’s game, but over time it became a pastime that is an integral part of English traditions. True popularity came to cricket in the 18th century, when the rules of the game were officially established and fixed. At the same time, clubs of professional cricketers began to appear.
In 1990, cricket was included in the Olympic roster. However, the game, not too well known at that time, did not win the hearts of the audience and cricket was very soon excluded from the Olympic program.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, cricket has become popular not only in England, but also in other countries of Europe, Africa and even Australia.
What is cricket?
Cricket is played on a grassy surface. The shape of the general field does not matter much, usually the radius of the entire site is about 130 ‑150 meters. The main action of the game takes place on a court located in the middle of the field, the length of which is 22 yards or 20.12 meters, and the width is about 3 meters. Gates are installed on both edges of the site — similar to gates — consisting of three rails lined up in a row with two crossbars. The gate is 67.5 cm high and 20 cm wide.
Cricket is played by two teams, each of which has 11 players, of which 4–5 bowlers (bowlers) and 5–6 batters (betsmen). Another important participant is the wicket-keeper.
The game is played as follows. The server throws the ball into the wicket, trying to break it. In turn, the batter from the opposing team must prevent this and hit the ball in time with a bat. If the serve is returned, the batsman must run to the other end of the playing court, while another batsman of the same team, located at the opposite end of the court, must take his place. For a full run — a change in the position of the batters — the team is awarded one point.
Players of the opposing team not participating in the ball rally are dispersed across the playing field. Their job is to catch the ball and put it back in play. If the ball is caught and returned to the game before the end of the batsmen’s run, the run is considered lost, and the batsman is out of the game. Also, the batsman is eliminated if the batted ball was caught in the air or the serve was not hit at all.
Each match includes two stages — imming. Imming ends when each team completes one series of innings. Teams change places after 10 players are eliminated. It often happens that a cricket match can drag on for several days due to the fact that the teams take a long time to develop attack tactics and defense strategies.
Features of the game of cricket
Cricket seems to be a fairly simple game, however, thanks to the preservation of centuries-old traditions, a lot of subtleties and nuances have remained in the game, the description of which takes up a weighty volume called the “Cricket Rulebook”.
The most important “law” of cricket, the violation of which is punished with particular severity, is presented in the following extract from the code: “Since the players are full of honor and must adhere to lofty traditions, it is considered the height of indecency not to report a violation of the rules even if the referee did not notice it” .
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