Düsseldorf is one of the richest cities and the economic center of Germany. It is interesting for its unique architecture, which is characterized by a mixture of different styles.
What to do in Düsseldorf
Since Düsseldorf was one of the most heavily damaged German cities during World War II, 80% of the buildings had to be rebuilt from scratch, including most of the landmarks and monuments.
The favorable location of the city along the Rhine makes the city attractive for tourism and business. Here the tourist will see upscale shopping areas, endless bars in the Old City, temples and other attractions. The aura of Düsseldorf is different from other cities in Germany — here the spirit of adventurism and creativity is in the air.
Fans of art of the present and past centuries will find many interesting galleries, exhibitions and entire streets painted by artists in Düsseldorf. Fans of architecture and religion will be able to look into the numerous Christian basilicas, Protestant temples, Lutheran churches and medieval castles.
The highlight of Düsseldorf is the picturesque Rhine embankment, where locals like to walk in the evenings.
History buffs will follow the Neanderthal civilization, assess the consequences of the war in the mid-twentieth century, learn everything about the manufacture of glassware and visit the city hall. Families with children should visit the zoo and walk through the forest with tame deer.
Museum of Contemporary Art K20 and K21
Museum Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, dedicated to contemporary art, is divided into two separate buildings — K20 and K21. The abbreviated names indicate the time intervals of the exhibits. The buildings are located in different parts of the city and present both permanent and temporary exhibitions.
- K20 invites you to take a look at the works of classical artists of the twentieth century: Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso, Mark Rothko, Andy Warhol, as well as the work of famous modernists.
- K21 introduces the art of the “new age” — from the 80s to the present. The exposition of the museum is constantly updated. There are works by both German and foreign artists, as well as many interactive exhibits.
In the center of Düsseldorf, on the Paul-Klee-Platz, a large, ceramic-tiled work of art is hidden on the wall of a building. The painting was created and painted by American artist and director Sarah Morris. The concept is reminiscent of origami and tells about the artist’s view of the architecture of a modern city. Residents and visitors of Düsseldorf consider the painting an ideal backdrop for photographs and portraits.
Art and Media Center Reinhafen
Famous American architect Frank Gehry in 1999 designed the buildings that have become the iconic symbol of Düsseldorf. The center is located in the harbor and consists of three white buildings with curved walls. Nearby are two similar buildings, painted in brown and silver.
All buildings are connected into a single ensemble. These are truly architectural marvels and a must see for anyone visiting Düsseldorf.
The museum houses a collection of European paintings, modern works of art, works of the romantics of the Düsseldorf school, German impressionists and expressionists.
In addition to paintings, the museum houses an interesting exhibition of glassware, which includes exhibits from all periods of history on all continents. Also interesting is the section dedicated to the East and an extensive collection of creations by some of the world’s leading designers.
Here are exhibits dedicated to human evolution. For the construction of the museum in 1996, the architect was chosen at an international competition. The building is located where the first fossils were found, so, in a sense, the museum has become a monument to the first evidence of a Neanderthal.
The exposition tells the story of the evolution of ancient people. There are life-size copies of an ancient person, recreated rock paintings and other fossilized exhibits found at excavations. The four-story museum covers all eras of the development of Neanderthals — from anthropometric features, moving on to social norms and customs of society at that time.
The Christian church, located near the Rhine embankment, was built in 1394. But after the fire of 1815, it had to be reconstructed.
The basilica has an unusual shape of a roof in the form of a twisted tower. Inside is a stunning altar, which houses the shrine with the relics of St. Apollinaris. On the facade of the building there is a large sculpture of the crucifix.
The Gothic style church was built in 1445 but was used as a storehouse and tax office. Nowadays, the building of the temple was returned to believers — now services are held here. Inside, you can admire paintings from the 15th century and see the capstone.
The Andreaskirche is a Jesuit church in the Old Düsseldorf, built in the late Baroque style in 1629. The interiors are decorated with amazing stucco decorations. Also in the basilica there is a mausoleum in which the remains of the Electors of the Palatine are buried.
The facade is painted in bright yellow, which makes the church recognizable. The Andreaskirche is considered one of the most beautiful and unique churches in Düsseldorf.
The early Baroque cathedral with a simplified façade appeared in 1684 as the first Reformed church in the city. Much later (in 1916) it was renamed in honor of Joachim Neander. Members of the Reformed movement won the right to their own church, but were not respected by the townspeople. That is why the temple was built in such a way that it was not visible from the street.
The first Lutheran church was built in Düsseldorf between 1683–1687. Like the Neanderkirche, the temple was small because of the religious restrictions placed on Lutherans. During the Second World War, the church was destroyed, and it was restored in 1960.
An exact copy of the temple has risen from the ruins in red brick. The simplified facade has features of the late Renaissance, while the interior is designed in the Baroque style. In 2003, the temple was given a modern look according to a design project by Tobias Frankfurt.
Church of Saint Maximilian
The late Baroque parish church was used as a monastery by the Franciscans until 1804. Since 2006, the building has housed the community center of the Catholic Church in Düsseldorf. Inside, you can see the choir built in the 17th century, the organ, the high altar and the pulpit of the 18th century.
The Church of St. John the Evangelist is the largest Protestant church in the city. It was built in the form of a round arch, has a nave 61 meters long and an 87.5‑meter tower. During the Second World War, the church was destroyed, and in 1953 it was rebuilt.
The interior of the cathedral is designed in a classical style, decorated with a large organ, which was restored in 2001, and a stunning altar. The façade is decorated with two angels by sculptor Karl Hubert Müller. The statues are located in front of the western portal, and were previously placed as guards on the pediments above the side entrances and the roof of the transept.
The sandstone sculptures were created in 1878. Alas, one of them lost her head during the bombing. The statues were salvaged from the wreckage during reconstruction after World War II and were transferred to the Kaiserswerth in 1952, where they shelter at the bottom of a flight of stairs from the Klemenplatz to the Kaiserswerter Market. In November 1994, after restoration, the angels were returned to the facade of the temple.
Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
The Catholic Church was designed by the architect Ludwig Mainz and built between 1894 and 1896 in the center of Düsseldorf. At first it was a three-aisled basilica with twin towers. Like the Johanniskirche, it suffered during World War II. Only in 1969 the church was restored by Josef Lembrok.
Surrounded by gardens, the French-style château was built by the architect Nicolas de Pigage for the Prince Elector of the Palatinate between 1755 and 1770. The layout of the castle repeats the palace of Louis XV.
The apartments have retained their original, discreet Rococo decoration and are furnished with interior items from the second half of the 18th century. The two lower wings house a museum dedicated to European horticultural art and a Natural History Museum.
This is the name of the old town on the banks of the Rhine. Locals call it the longest bar in the world, because there are more than 300 old taverns and pubs where craft beer is brewed according to a traditional recipe.
In addition to drinks, the ancient spirit of Düsseldorf hovers in the old town. His presence is betrayed by the unique atmosphere of the buildings, the medieval architecture of the City Hall, the equestrian statue of Jan Wellem, the Marktplatz and the baroque sculptures next to the church.
On the busy pedestrian Bolkerstraße stands the birthplace of Heinrich Heine and the statue of the “Radschläger” under the plane trees. Having examined the Altstadt, travelers go for a walk along the embankment.
The Reintrum, designed by the architect H. Deilmann, is the tallest building in Düsseldorf. The height of the TV tower is 241 meters. At the top there is an observation deck with a picturesque panorama of the city. On the roof of the tower is the Lichtzeitpegel, the world’s largest digital clock.
At a height of 172 meters, a restaurant is open, which rotates around its axis, making a complete revolution in an hour. During dinner, guests here enjoy a magnificent view of the old town and the Rhine with bridges at the foot of the tower.
Burgplatz and castle
In the old part of the city on the banks of the Rhine, there is a 13th-century square, on which the castle of the counts of Berg used to stand. The palace was reconstructed, acquiring features in the Baroque style, but did not last long — in 1872 the building was almost completely destroyed by fire.
Only one Schlossturm tower remained on the square, in which the museum of shipping and navigation is now open. There is a panoramic restaurant at the top of the castle tower.
Burgplatz is recognized as one of the most beautiful squares in Germany of the post-war period.
Dusseldorf City Hall
The building was built in the 16th century in a mixture of German Gothic, Rococo and Renaissance styles. Today, the town hall, which consists of three parts, houses the city parliament. Free guided walks are organized every Wednesday. The tour includes a tour of the Council Room, Jan Wellen Room and the Lord Mayor’s Reception Room.
The Grafenberger Wald is the best place to observe forest animals in their natural habitat. The 16-hectare Wildlife Park sheltered many animals, including red deer, wild boars, moufflons, foxes, raccoons and other representatives of the local fauna.
The reserve was opened in 1927. The animals here roam freely between the trees and willingly approach visitors for a treat. The park also has a bee house and an anthill. On the shore of a natural pond there is a playground for kids, lots of benches and tables.
The Düsseldorf Institute simultaneously performs the tasks of a zoo and a museum of natural history. On an area of 6800 sq. m live 475 species of animals. The museum displays various exhibits of natural history. Fascinating corals and small fish, aquatic organisms of all shapes and sizes, as well as other curiosities will not leave anyone indifferent. This is a great place for both adults and children.