The South African country of Namibia is located between the ocean, desert and jungle. The sun shines here all year round, and the natural monuments of the country amaze with their beauty and attract many tourists.
Who comes to Namibia and why
The main wealth of Namibia is nature, so connoisseurs of picturesque landscapes, sand dunes and incredible canyons will definitely like it in Namibia. Incredible adventures await you here — what is the oldest Namib desert on earth, where you can see a wide variety of landscapes and African animals.
Also in the desert there are many interesting places worth visiting. For example, the Sossuflei plain with incredible landscapes, or the Dead Valley, which attracts thousands of tourists. Be sure to visit the Fishriver Canyon, which is the largest in Africa, and take a look at the Spitzkoppe rock, chosen by climbers.
Namibia has many nature reserves and national parks that are also worth a visit if you love nature. In the Namib Desert is the Etosha National Park, where you can see various animals and take beautiful photos.
Waterberg Park is home to endangered endangered antelopes and vultures. And in the Cape Cross Fur Seal Sanctuary, you can watch these funny animals and buy a souvenir as a keepsake.
In addition to natural attractions, Namibia has museums and interesting examples of architecture. If you are interested in learning the history of this country, then go to the National Museum, where you will be told about the traditions of the local population, culture and way of life.
The Swakopmund City Museum has a collection of semi-precious stones and exhibits related to the history of the city. And in the Taxidermy Hall you can look at stuffed animals and visit the snake park. If you like architectural monuments, then you should visit the old German fort and the castles of Sanderburg, Schwerinsburg and Heinzburg.
Cultural attractions and museums
Ghost town Kolmanskop
In the vicinity of Lüderitz is the ghost town of Kolmanskop. At the beginning of the last century, it was seized by a diamond fever. For ten years, Kolmanskop was a lively city: beautiful houses, a stadium, a school, a hospital and even a swimming pool were built here. But the discovery of richer diamond deposits led to the desolation of the city. When people left it, the desert began to rule here. In 1980, some buildings were restored, and now Kolmanskop serves as a museum.
Swakopmund City Museum
In 1951, the city museum was opened in Swakopmund. Its basis was the collection of Dr. A. Weber. The museum is housed in a former customs building that was shelled by a German warship in 1914. It was restored only after 40 years and transferred to the museum.
The exposition is represented by a collection of semi-precious stones, a collection dedicated to the history of the city, as well as panoramas of the seabed and the desert.
A few kilometers from Windhoek, the capital of the country, towards the international airport, there is the Taxidermy Hall. Stuffed animals of a wide variety of animals that can be found in Namibia are exhibited here.
The design of the Hall is made in the style of the desert, there is also a cozy restaurant and a snake park, in which poisonous snakes are presented to the attention of visitors, located in large glass enclosures.
National Museum of Namibia
The collection of the National Museum is represented by a huge number of exhibits (more than 2 million) that tell about the culture, history and nature of Namibia.
The museum has two exhibition halls: one is located in a German fort, and the other tells about the traditions of local residents, and the items of everyday life and culture of the peoples of this country are presented as exhibits. There is a reference library, which anyone can use, and a special room for children, where they can look at and touch the exhibits.
It is the largest known meteorite in the world. Presumably, the Goba meteorite fell to earth at least 30 thousand years ago. And the age of the “guest” from outer space is more than 100 million years.
This nickel and iron meteorite, weighing 50 tons, was found in the 1920s. In the 1980s, a special stone amphitheater surrounding the Goba meteorite was equipped, and a stage was built where you can see all the information about this amazing space guest.
Scientists estimate the age of the Namib Desert at 60–80 million years — this is the oldest desert on earth. It amazes with its landscapes: here you can see wandering dunes, canyons of dried up rivers, vast wastelands, small oases and relief rocks.
Welwitschia grows in the desert, which is distinguished by huge leaves, where water supplies are stored in case of a severe drought. In the center of Namib is the Namib-Naukluft Park, home to giraffes, elephants, rhinos and lions.
fish river canyon
It is the largest canyon in Africa, the size of which is second only to the Grand Canyon, which is located in America. It is 161 km long, 550 m deep and 27 km wide.
Tourists can enjoy beautiful views from the observation decks. Here you will see aloe thickets, thermal springs and basalt rocks. You can go hiking in the canyon under the supervision of experienced instructors.
In the south of the Namib Desert is the Sossufley Plain, which was formed due to the Tsaushab River. Its waters never reach the Atlantic Ocean and go into the sand between the dunes of the plain. For thousands of years, the river has brought clay here, looking for a way through the dunes. Thanks to this, unique landscapes have been formed that attract tourists from all over the world.
The dunes in the valley are among the highest in the world — their height reaches 380 m. Due to the high iron content in the sand and frequent oxidation processes, the color of the dunes acquires various shades — from pink to fiery orange.
Dunes of Swakopmund
Not far from the cities of Swakopmund and Walvis Bay, there is an unusual place that is appreciated by outdoor enthusiasts.
Excursions on the dunes on four-wheeled motorcycles and jeeps are very popular among tourists. One of the most beautiful and highest dunes is located in the vicinity of Walvis Bay. Palm trees grow next to it, in the shade of which you can camp or have a picnic.
Dead Valley is located in the middle of the Namib Desert. This is a huge clay pit surrounded by high dunes. Inside it you can see hundreds of dried trees.
Scientists believe that thousands of years ago there was an oasis here, so the conditions for the growth of trees were the most favorable. But after a while, the dunes began to block the access of water to the oasis, which led to a drought. As a result, the trees dried up, and the Dead Valley was formed, which today is one of the most popular attractions in Namibia.
The Spitzkoppe is a massive granite rock that is over 100 million years old. Around it is the eponymous nature reserve.
Mount Spitzkoppe is a favorite among climbers, although it is not the highest peak in the region. At the foot of the cliff, you can see drawings of Bushmen, and exotic animals walk around the neighborhood: zebras, slender gazelles and imperturbable antelopes.
Etosha National Park
The reserve is located in the Namib Desert. Here you will see various animals: antelopes, lions, cheetahs, giraffes, rhinos, zebras and elephants.
Birds and elephants inhabit the Andoni plains in great numbers. They come here to quench their thirst and take “dust baths”. If you want to photograph black rhinoceroses, then it is best to stop at the Okaukueyo reservoir, where special spotlights are installed.
This national park is located on a hill and is characterized by a large amount of subtropical vegetation. It was created in the second half of the last century with the aim of preserving and breeding Kanna antelopes. However, today about 25 species of rare animals and more than 200 species of birds live here.
On the cliffs of Okarakuwiza, vultures nest and hatch their chicks. This is the only breeding place in the country, therefore, since 1985, one of the main goals of the park has been to ensure the survival of these birds.
The Skeleton Coast is a coastal area between the Ugab and Kunene rivers, the length of which is about 2000 km. Here you can see the remains of ships that were wrecked here.
The local landscape is diverse: there are mountain ranges, and high dunes, and stunningly beautiful canyons. You can get to the Skeleton Coast by sea or by car.
National Marine Aquarium of Namibia
Swakopmund City Aquarium is one of the most popular places in Namibia visited by tourists. Here you will see a huge glass tank measuring 12 by 8 m. It has an oval shape, inside there is a tunnel and viewing windows, which are located at different angles.
Also, the attention of visitors is provided by 17 smaller aquariums, which also contain the inhabitants of the seas and oceans.
Fur seal sanctuary
The reserve is located on Cape Cross — this is the largest population of fur seals in South Africa. The peak of the mating season of these animals falls on November and December, and at this time about 200 thousand seals can be seen on the cape. Wooden passages are laid through their rookeries, along which tourists walk, viewing platforms are equipped, and souvenirs and funny little things are sold here.
Duvisib Castle rises in the vicinity of the city of Maltahoe, surrounded by red hills. This is a massive quadrangular structure with loopholes and towers. The castle was built by Baron Von Wolf for his wife. Today, the building houses a museum displaying the baron’s collection: weapons, works of art and luxury goods.
The Northern Industrial Zone of Windhoek is home to a jewelry factory whose main activity is the processing of precious stones.
Tourists will be able to watch with their own eyes the process of the appearance of diamonds, which will shine with all their facets after grinding and processing. If you like some stones, you can purchase them in the store opened at the factory at a reduced cost.
An old German fort built at the beginning of the last century is located near Windhoek.
Every day there is a ceremony of solemn raising and lowering of the national flag of the country. Near the fort there is a watering hole, which is illuminated at night. It attracts many animals that you can see from a special viewing platform.
The castles of Sanderburg, Schwerinsburg and Heinzburg
All three stone structures were built by the German architect V. Sander. The castles look like they’ve stepped out of the pages of fairy tale books, with battlements and medieval turrets. Heinzburg hosts a luxury hotel, Sanderburg is privately owned, and Schwerinsburg Castle serves as the residence of the Italian ambassador.
In the capital of Namibia, there is a factory that produces products from the famous Swakara astrakhan fur, and then they are exported. High-quality products are made here: for example, accessories and clothing made from ostrich leather. Here you can also buy specially processed skins of various African animals.