28 Best Things to Do in Romania

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Roma­nia is a coun­try in South­east­ern Europe, famous for its archi­tec­tur­al sights and nature. On its ter­ri­to­ry there are high moun­tains, pic­turesque hills, dense forests and plains.

ruminia

Who and why to go here

Roma­nia, which appeared on the map of Europe as a result of the merg­er of the prin­ci­pal­i­ties of Wal­lachia and Mol­davia, is proud of its tur­bu­lent his­to­ry. The archi­tec­ture of its cities mixed Greek, Turk­ish, Sax­on styles, giv­ing the streets a spe­cial charm. Tourists come here to look at the ancient Goth­ic cas­tles, beau­ti­ful palaces, defen­sive fortress­es.

Hos­pitable peo­ple live in Roma­nia, hon­or­ing nation­al hol­i­days and tra­di­tions. Guests who come for Christ­mas take part in mass fes­tiv­i­ties, which are accom­pa­nied by danc­ing, games and singing car­ols. Folk­lore songs, authen­tic dances and themed fes­ti­vals are gen­er­al­ly pop­u­lar in the coun­try:

  • In Feb­ru­ary, Sfin­tu Ghe­o­rg hosts a fes­ti­val ded­i­cat­ed to win­ter enter­tain­ment and nation­al rit­u­als.
  • Carp fish­ing com­pe­ti­tions start in Sep­tem­ber.
  • In Octo­ber, the fes­ti­val of wine­mak­ing is cel­e­brat­ed.

Roma­nia also invites you to the Inter­na­tion­al Art Fes­ti­vals in Brasov, the Sib­ini­um music fes­ti­val in Sibiu and flower fairs.

The Carpathi­an Moun­tains, pass­ing through the entire ter­ri­to­ry of the coun­try, attract out­door enthu­si­asts. In win­ter, peo­ple here go ski­ing, climb­ing, bob­sled­ding. Cycling is pop­u­lar in sum­mer.

The routes along the Danube val­ley intro­duce beau­ti­ful nat­ur­al land­scapes. For extreme lovers, a moun­tain ser­pen­tine is avail­able, locat­ed near the Bikaz gorge.

Roma­nia has many muse­ums, parks and oth­er attrac­tions suit­able for fam­i­lies. Adults and chil­dren enjoy vis­it­ing Drac­u­la’s cas­tle, Cis­migiu gar­den and the vil­lage muse­um in Sibiu.

architectural landmarks

Palace of Cantacuzino

dvorec kantakusina

At the begin­ning of the last cen­tu­ry, a mag­nif­i­cent palace was erect­ed in the cen­ter of Bucharest by order of Prime Min­is­ter Can­tacuzi­no. The facade of the man­sion is dec­o­rat­ed with arched win­dows, stuc­co and iron bal­conies. Large stone lions are installed on its porch.

The main res­i­dence of the Prime Min­is­ter in 1955 passed into the hands of the state. Now the palace hous­es a muse­um of the famous Roman­ian musi­cian George Enes­cu. Dur­ing the tour, you can see the rich inte­ri­or and the per­ma­nent exhi­bi­tion, which includes per­son­al items and man­u­scripts of the musi­cian.

Bran Castle

Samok bran

In the town of Bran, a 14th-cen­tu­ry cas­tle ris­es on top of a cliff. The for­ti­fi­ca­tion has an unusu­al trape­zoidal shape and four tiers con­nect­ed by a steep stair­case. Accord­ing to leg­end, the famous Vlad Tepes-Drac­u­la, who was dubbed a vam­pire by rumors, stopped more than once in the cas­tle.

A stone cross with a carved sym­bol of the Order of the Drag­on is installed at the gates of Bran, and an old well has been pre­served in the court­yard. Now the cas­tle belongs to Dominic of Hab­s­burg, a descen­dant of the Roman­ian kings. Tourists are shown the inte­ri­ors of rooms, a col­lec­tion of weapons and medieval instru­ments of tor­ture.

Cotroceni

kotrochen

A 19th-cen­tu­ry palace built on Cotroceni Hill in Bucharest is the for­mer res­i­dence of Princess Mary and Prince Fer­di­nand. After the abo­li­tion of the monar­chy, the man­sion came under the con­trol of the Inter­nal Affairs of the coun­try. Art objects and valu­ables were tak­en to muse­ums.

After the over­throw of Nico­lae Ceaus­es­cu, the Pres­i­dent of Roma­nia set­tled in the palace. Now part of the build­ing belongs to the muse­um and is open to tourists.

Palace of Parliament

dvorec parliamenta

The famous archi­tec­tur­al mon­u­ment was erect­ed in Bucharest at the end of the last cen­tu­ry by order of Ceaus­es­cu. It was to become the head­quar­ters of the state insti­tu­tions of the repub­lic. The largest admin­is­tra­tive build­ing in Europe stretch­es 86 meters high.

The palace has 12 floors and 1100 rooms. The inte­ri­or walls are fin­ished with mar­ble, bronze and wood. The premis­es are dec­o­rat­ed with crys­tal chan­de­liers, lamps, mir­rors, stat­ues, huge car­pets and tapes­tries. In the west wing there is a muse­um of mod­ern art and a muse­um of total­i­tar­i­an­ism.

Romanian Athenaeum

Ruminski ateneum

The main con­cert hall of Bucharest was built by the French archi­tect Albert Galleron and inau­gu­rat­ed in 1888. The mag­nif­i­cent build­ing with a wide dome is dec­o­rat­ed with columns, stuc­co, open­work win­dows.

On the first floor there is a con­fer­ence hall, above — an audi­to­ri­um and stalls. The walls are paint­ed with fres­coes by Costin Petres­cu depict­ing var­i­ous his­tor­i­cal events. Ateneum is a cul­tur­al sym­bol of the Roman­ian peo­ple. It reg­u­lar­ly hosts clas­si­cal music con­certs and fes­ti­vals.

Deva Castle

samok deva

In the vicin­i­ty of the city of Deva, the pic­turesque ruins of an ancient cas­tle remained on a hill. Once it was a pow­er­ful Tran­syl­van­ian strong­hold, which housed a large gar­ri­son of sol­diers. The ter­ri­to­ry of the cas­tle is con­sid­ered a reserve — now restora­tion work is under­way here.

Trav­el­ers can explore the sur­viv­ing defen­sive walls, frag­ments of tow­ers and take beau­ti­ful pho­tos.

Peles

pelesh

In the vicin­i­ty of Sinai there is a beau­ti­ful cas­tle built at the end of the 19th cen­tu­ry in the Neo-Renais­sance style. Dur­ing its con­struc­tion, advanced tech­nolo­gies of the time were used: the build­ing is ful­ly elec­tri­fied, has cen­tral heat­ing and even an ele­va­tor. The inner cham­bers are dec­o­rat­ed with tapes­tries, stat­ues, lux­u­ri­ous paint­ings on the walls.

The cas­tle has a muse­um with a large col­lec­tion of weapons, antique fur­ni­ture, gold jew­el­ry, porce­lain and paint­ings. The archi­tec­tur­al ensem­ble sur­rounds the park with foun­tains and sculp­tures.

Fortress of Alba Iulia

krepost alba ulia

The ancient city of Alba Iulia is easy to find on the Mures Riv­er near Bucharest. Three fortress­es from dif­fer­ent eras and the ruins of a Roman cas­trum have been pre­served here, in which archae­o­log­i­cal exca­va­tions are cur­rent­ly under­way.

The restored Fort Alba Car­oli­na is a huge com­plex with sev­er­al streets. Vis­i­tors explore the walls, tow­ers, monastery, St. Michael’s Church, the Palace of the Princes and the Uni­fi­ca­tion Muse­um.

Sighisoara

sigishoara

Above the Tir­na­va Mare riv­er is the town of Sighisoara, found­ed in the 13th cen­tu­ry by Ger­man colonists. Its his­toric cen­ter is a World Her­itage Site, which is under the pro­tec­tion of UNESCO.

Arriv­ing here, you can see the medieval fortress, ancient tem­ples and the Clock Tow­er 64 meters high. The city is the birth­place of “Count Drac­u­la” — his ances­tral home has been pre­served in the cen­tral square, where a restau­rant of Roman­ian cui­sine and a muse­um are open.

Corvin Castle

Samok Korvinov

The fam­i­ly nest of the Hun­gar­i­an feu­dal lords in the south of Tran­syl­va­nia, erect­ed in the 14th cen­tu­ry, was dam­aged by a fire in 1854, but was quick­ly restored. The archi­tec­tur­al com­plex con­sists of round and tri­an­gu­lar tow­ers, pow­er­ful walls, a chapel, and an artillery plat­form. Accord­ing to leg­end, the deposed gov­er­nor Vlad Tepes lan­guished in the cas­tle cel­lars for 7 years.

Guests of the cas­tle are led inside along a gigan­tic bridge, they are shown defen­sive tow­ers, a tor­ture cham­ber, a hall where knights feast­ed in ancient times, and the White Bas­tion.

Fagaras

Fegerash

The city of Fagaras in Tran­syl­va­nia was found­ed in the 13th cen­tu­ry. Soon a fortress was erect­ed on its ter­ri­to­ry to pro­tect against the raids of the Tatars and Turks — a white medieval cas­tle and now ris­es on a hill.

The restored premis­es house a his­tor­i­cal muse­um that tells about the own­ers of the fortress, a library with old print­ed books and a restau­rant. On the low­er tier there are wine cel­lars and a tast­ing room.

Temples and monasteries

Monastery of Mrakonia

monastir mrakonia

The old­est monastery on the banks of the Danube was found­ed in the 16th cen­tu­ry. Alas, a sad fate await­ed him: he was raid­ed by the Turks sev­er­al times, destroyed dur­ing wars, and in the mid­dle of the last cen­tu­ry was com­plete­ly flood­ed due to an acci­dent at a hydro­elec­tric pow­er sta­tion. In sum­mer, the riv­er becomes shal­low, and the ruins of the monastery emerge from the water. Thou­sands of tourists and pil­grims come to see this spec­ta­cle.

Monastery Sucevitsa

monastir sochevica

The Ortho­dox monastery in Bukov­ina was built over 400 years ago by order of the rulers of Wal­lachia and Mol­davia. Here is the Church of the Ascen­sion of the Lord, built in the Goth­ic style. The ancient walls inside and out­side are cov­ered with paint­ings of high artis­tic val­ue. Pic­tures illus­trat­ing the events of the Old and New Tes­ta­ments retained the rich­ness and bright­ness of the col­ors.

The monastery com­plex is sur­round­ed by high thick walls. There are defen­sive tow­ers on every cor­ner. There is a muse­um of art and his­to­ry on the ter­ri­to­ry.

Horezu Monastery

monastir horesu

The con­struc­tion of the monastery in Khorezu began in 1690 under the lead­er­ship of the ruler of Wal­lachia. It was built in the nation­al Bryn­kov­ian archi­tec­tur­al style, which com­bines Byzan­tine, East­ern and Euro­pean motifs.

The monastery church has two domes and is dec­o­rat­ed with dec­o­ra­tive paint­ings, columns, and arch­es. Trees grow in the yard, there are hous­es of monks and out­build­ings. Not far from the entrance, a small muse­um has been opened, where church uten­sils and archae­o­log­i­cal arti­facts found dur­ing exca­va­tions on the ter­ri­to­ry of Horezu are exhib­it­ed.

Black Church in Brasov

cherna cerkov

The largest Goth­ic tem­ple in Roma­nia is locat­ed in the city of Brasov. The church of the XIV cen­tu­ry, made of loose sand­stone, suf­fered from a fire dur­ing the Turk­ish War and because of this was called Black.

Its height reach­es 65 meters; a six-ton ​​bell is installed on the bell tow­er of the tem­ple. The facade and inte­ri­or are dec­o­rat­ed with stone pat­terns, por­tals, arch­es and mar­ble sculp­tures. Inside are stat­ues of Jesus Christ, the Vir­gin Mary, St. Nicholas, John the Bap­tist.

The church is also a muse­um, where Goth­ic fres­coes, an ancient font, a cast-iron ark and bro­cade clothes of the 15th cen­tu­ry are kept.

Archangel Church in Rogoz

arhangelska cerkov

The wood­en church in Rogoza is a bright exam­ple of the archi­tec­ture of the South­ern Carpathi­ans of the 17th cen­tu­ry. The polyg­o­nal log build­ing has a rec­tan­gu­lar nave and a high bel­fry on the west side. The inte­ri­or walls are paint­ed with bright col­ors. The Archangel Church is a UNESCO World Her­itage Site and is pro­tect­ed by the state.

Museums in Romania

National Museum of Art in Bucharest

nac musei iskustv

The build­ing of the for­mer roy­al palace hous­es the largest muse­um of fine arts in Roma­nia. The expo­si­tion presents ancient icons, paint­ings and sculp­tures by Roman­ian mas­ters. In sep­a­rate rooms, col­lec­tions of ancient weapons, coins and jew­el­ry are pre­served. For­eign art is rep­re­sent­ed by paint­ings by Rem­brandt, El Gre­co, Mon­et, Aiva­zovsky.

Historical Museum

istor museum

The Muse­um of His­to­ry is locat­ed in the cen­ter of the cap­i­tal in the Postal Palace. It con­tains numer­ous exhibits and archae­o­log­i­cal finds, high­light­ing the mil­len­ni­um-old Roman­ian his­to­ry. The­mat­ic exhi­bi­tions tell about the events of past eras.

Tourists are shown works of arts and crafts, weapons, nation­al clothes, medieval man­u­scripts, archival doc­u­ments and paint­ings by local artists.

Astra

astra

The Ethno­graph­ic Muse­um in Sibiu is locat­ed in a beau­ti­ful park. A real Roman­ian vil­lage of the end of the last cen­tu­ry is equipped on a vast ter­ri­to­ry. There are nation­al small hous­es with a thatched roof, a func­tion­ing church, a mill, a smithy and a pot­tery work­shop. Guests are greet­ed by peo­ple dressed in nation­al cos­tumes. Adults and chil­dren here can learn ancient crafts, see the local pond and vis­it the restau­rant of nation­al cui­sine.

Count Dracula Museum

muei drakuli

In the city of Sighisoara, in the ances­tral home of the Tepes, a muse­um of Count Drac­u­la was opened. It tells the real sto­ry of the gov­er­nor of Wal­lachia and high­lights the stages of his reign. The per­son­al belong­ings of Vlad Tepes and archival doc­u­ments are stored there. The tour is inter­ac­tive with visu­al lay­outs and audio descrip­tions.

Museum of Mineralogy

musei mineralogii

Baia Mare has a small but inter­est­ing muse­um of min­er­al­o­gy. It presents min­er­als found in the region over the past cen­turies.

Vis­i­tors will be able to see gold nuggets, sil­ver, raw gems, rocks. There is a gift shop next to the muse­um that sells books on min­er­al­o­gy, posters and rock sam­ples.

Natural attractions, parks and entertainment

Botanical Garden in Bucharest

bot sad

There is a beau­ti­ful botan­i­cal gar­den on Cotroceni Hill. On the ter­ri­to­ry of 17 hectares, trees and shrubs from dif­fer­ent coun­tries are plant­ed. The park is divid­ed into sev­er­al sec­tors. At the entrance are orna­men­tal plants and flow­ers. a lit­tle fur­ther — the flo­ra list­ed in the Red Book. In the sec­tor of med­i­c­i­nal plants — spec­i­mens that are active­ly used in tra­di­tion­al med­i­cine.

Ponds, foun­tains and arti­fi­cial water­falls are made in the botan­i­cal gar­den. Guests can see a trop­i­cal green­house, a rose gar­den, bloom­ing iris­es, orchids and rhodo­den­drons.

Forest Hoya-Bachu

les hoyach bachu

Near the town of Cluj-Napoca there is a for­est, which is a good place to relax. A few years ago, paint­ball and vol­ley­ball courts, an archery range, bike trails and hik­ing trails were equipped here.

Among the green spaces, it is easy to find an oak grove, a small lake and sources of drink­ing water. The pop­u­lar­i­ty of the for­est is facil­i­tat­ed by leg­ends that para­nor­mal phe­nom­e­na occur in it and spir­its live.

Cismigiu Garden

sad chihmidgiu

In the cen­ter of Bucharest there is a mag­nif­i­cent city gar­den plant­ed at the end of the 18th cen­tu­ry. It attracts tourists with smooth shady alleys, bright flower beds, foun­tains and lakes with walk­ways. In sum­mer, you can rent a cata­ma­ran or a boat here.

In win­ter, a large ice skat­ing rink opens in the gar­den. An impor­tant attrac­tion of this place is the plat­form on which stat­ues of Roman­ian writ­ers and poets are installed.

Dinosaur park in Rasnov

park dino

In the for­est, not far from the fortress of the XIV cen­tu­ry, there is a park of dinosaurs. Large fig­ures of ani­mals are installed in the clear­ings, and var­i­ous sounds are heard from hid­den speak­ers. All dinosaurs can be touched and pho­tographed. With­in the park there are also carousels, a play­ground, a hang­ing path laid along the crowns of trees. Those who wish go to a small cafe and buy sou­venirs in the shop.

Bigar waterfall

vodopad bigar

In the west of Roma­nia, near the town of Bozovic, there is the Beusni­ta Nation­al Park, where you can see the Bigar water­fall. The nat­ur­al attrac­tion orig­i­nates high in the moun­tains.

The water descends the slope until it col­lides with a lime­stone rock. Jets from all sides envel­op the bar­ri­er and fall down from a height of sev­en meters. Near the water­fall, a bridge is thrown across the Min­is Riv­er and an obser­va­tion deck is equipped.

Scarisoara cave

peshera skerishoara

The ice cave in the Apuseni Moun­tains was dis­cov­ered by sci­en­tists in 1863. Its length is 705 meters, and its age is 3500 thou­sand years. Inside, the tem­per­a­ture is always kept below zero degrees — the walls and ceil­ing are cov­ered with blocks of ice and sta­lag­mites.

For the con­ve­nience of vis­i­tors, met­al stairs with handrails are laid in the cave. Before the tour, trav­el­ers are instruct­ed and giv­en car­bide lamps.

salt cave

Soliana Peshera

In the town of Tur­da there is a large salt cave used for recre­ation by tourists and local res­i­dents. Peo­ple go down the stairs to the first tier, and from there they go down by the ele­va­tor. In the cen­tral hall of the cave there is a Fer­ris wheel, ten­nis tables and even a foot­ball field.

In the adja­cent hall there is an under­ground lake with an island and a boat pier — a wood­en bridge leads to the land area. Peo­ple come here for the whole day to breathe in the heal­ing salty air and chat with friends.

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